Queen Elizabeth II turned ninety years old on April 21st. While I don’t follow the Royal Family all that closely, I do love Princess Kate’s fashion sense and have a thing for sparkly tiara’s (the real ones). So naturally when I saw an article about the Queen’s birthday I had to check it out. In addition to some great shots of the Crown Jewels, I found one of the Queen’s comments particularly uplifting. When asked about the state of the world, Elizabeth unequivocally said that things are much better today than when she was a child. Although recent headlines – from terrorist attacks to slowing global growth – would have us believe otherwise, I’d like to provide some much-needed evidence that we’re living in pretty good times.
First, Americans are living longer and are healthier than ever before in history. In 1800 the U.S. life expectancy was 39 years at birth, then 49 years in 1900, 68 years in 1950, and an incredible 79 years today! In addition to a longer life expectancy, we can take advantage of our twilight years with something called retirement. The concept didn’t exist in the U.S. prior to the late 1880’s, when workers pretty much labored until they died. That started to change in 1875 when American Express offered America’s first employer-provided retirement plan. The Federal Government followed suite in 1935 with the creation of Social Security; and medical health benefits for those over 65 years, also known as Medicare, started in 1965.
According to the Federal Reserve, the number of years spent in leisure – measured as retirement plus time off during your working years – rose from 11 years in 1870 to 35 years by 1990. While we’re not all experiencing a Downton Abbey lifestyle, things could be worse.
Concerning crime and violence: while the tragic terrorist attacks in recent years are difficult to reconcile, overall murder rates in the U.S. have dropped dramatically since the 1990’s. America averaged 20,919 murders during that decade but the average number of murders in the 2000’s dropped to 16,211. On a global level, a report from the Human Security Report Project suggests the world is getting safer, as it relates to people killing other people. Deaths from war has been in decline since the end of World War II and high-intensity conflicts have declined by more than half since the end of the Cold War. The report goes on to say that terrorism, genocide, and homicide numbers are also down.
Americans often worry that slowing U.S. growth and rising debt levels will result in a downward economic spiral. They often point to Japan as a worst-case-scenario. While the island nation has its challenges, consider that Japanese unemployment has remained below 5.7% for the last 25 years, income per capita adjusted for purchasing power continues to grow at a healthy rate, and life expectancy is on the rise. Plus I hear they have amazing sushi. I can think of worse outcomes.
Another common concern I read about is stagnant wage growth. While I believe this is an important issue, consider that the median annual household income adjusted for inflation was about $25,000 in the 1950’s. Today it’s almost double that!
A few other things that are better: U.S. death rate from strokes has declined by 75% since the 1960s; deaths from heart attacks have also dropped dramatically; more Americans attend college today than at any other time in our history; smoking is down sharply; poverty is on the decline in the U.S.; and fewer people around the world die from famine each year.
Happily, I could go on, but I won’t. Suffice it to say that Queen Elizabeth II, in her 90 years of experience and wisdom, may be right. And even if she’s not, we’re all better off believing she is.