Don’t we all?? I worry about placing myself in a situation where an unexpected event (car accident, illness, et cetera) could create a financial disaster. As a result, I carefully monitor the level of both short- and long-term obligations I have.
With interest rates at historic lows, I decided to take a closer look at refinancing my house. I have refinanced two times already; should I do it again? Some of you may be considering the same thing, so I thought I would talk a bit about how I made my decision.
It is important to understand what you are trying to accomplish. In my regard, I want to pay off my house within 15 years, while keeping the monthly payment at a reasonable level. Others may want to tap home equity so that they can pay down loans with higher interest rates or do some repairs to the home. If this is the case with you, calculate in advance how much you need.
The next step is to take a look at your credit report. Some people have had some dings from the Great Recession. Resolve any reporting issues in advance of applying for a loan. It will save you a lot of aggravation later.
Now, let’s figure out if it is feasible to refinance. I used the calculators that are available on the bankrate.com website. Here is a link: http://www.bankrate.com/calculators.aspx. They have a great mortgage amortization calculator that shows you total interest paid over the life of the loan. You can also see the impact of extra amounts paid toward principal.
Using this tool, I entered my current interest rate and loan terms. I analyzed the impact of the extra payments I have been making toward principal each month. Then, I entered a 15-year term but with a lower interest rate.
I compared the total interest expense with my current rate vs. a lower estimated rate. The difference in total interest paid for my current loan vs. the lower interest rate loan is about $5,000, as long as I continue to make extra payments toward principal. Closing costs and refinancing fees add up, so I suspect that net difference between the two loans would be much lower.
As long as I continue making extra payments toward principal, I will accomplish my goal of paying off the loan within 15 years. The lower interest rate loan would also require a larger monthly payment. I am not comfortable with that. With my current loan, I can keep my lower payment amount, giving me some security in the event of a serious financial crunch.
Lower interest rates can be very enticing. In the long run, though, you could sacrifice financial peace-of-mind just to save a few dollars. A careful analysis of your personal situation can help you make the right decision. If all of this seems overwhelming, we are always here to help. Your financial advisor is just a phone call away.
Cristy Freeman, AAMS
Senior Operations Associate